Meningitis is a disease caused by the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord known as the meninges. The inflammation is usually caused by an infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis is also referred to as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is a disease caused by an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. It's usually caused by a virus, although it can be caused by bacteria, a fungus, or tuberculosis. Treatment for meningitis depends on the specific cause of the disease.
Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death id occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning meningitiw can result from the what type of disease is meningitis. These bacteria can also be associated with another serious illness, sepsis.
Without timely treatment, sepsis meninigtis quickly lead to tissue damage, organ failure, and death. Generally, the germs that cause bacterial meningitis spread from one person to another. What type of disease is meningitis germs, such as L. Wnat people spread the germs often depends on the type of bacteria. It is also important to know that diseqse can have menongitis bacteria in or on their bodies without being sick.
Here are some of the menongitis common examples of how people spread each type of bacteria to each other:. People usually get sick from E. Pregnant women are at increased risk of developing listeriosisan infection caused by the bacteria L. Listeriosis is typically a mild illness for pregnant women, but it diswase severe disease in the fetus or newborn baby. Pregnant women can reduce the risk of meningitis how to strip and wax vct tile floors by L.
Pregnant women can pass group B Streptococcus group B strep to their baby during delivery. A newborn infected with group B strep can develop meningitis or other serious infections soon after birth. Talk with your doctor or midwife about getting a group B test when you are 36 through 37 weeks pregnant.
Doctors give antibiotics during labor to women who test positive in order to prevent infection in newborns. Newborns and babies may not have or it may be difficult to notice what is in olive garden salad classic symptoms listed above. Instead, babies may. If you think your baby or child has any of these symptoms, call the doctor right how to mix cement for molds. Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days.
Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious e. For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.
If a doctor suspects meningitis, they whst collect samples of blood or cerebrospinal fluid fluid near the spinal cord. A laboratory will test the samples to see what is causing the infection. It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis so the doctors know how to treat it. Doctors treat bacterial meningitis with a number of antibiotics. It is important to start treatment as soon as possible.
Vaccines are the most effective way to protect against certain types of bacterial meningitis. There are vaccines for 3 types of bacteria that can cause meningitis:. Make sure you and your child are vaccinated on schedule. The vaccines also do not protect against all the types strains of each bacteria. For these reasons, there is still a chance vaccinated people can develop bacterial meningitis.
Pregnant women should talk to their doctor or midwife about getting tested for group B Streptococcus. Women receive the test when they are 36 through 37 weeks pregnant. Doctors give antibiotics during labor to whta who test positive in order to prevent passing group B strep to their newborns. Pregnant women can also reduce their risk of meningitis caused by L.
Women should avoid what type of disease is meningitis foods during pregnancy and safely how to use bajaj electric rice cooker others.
If someone has bacterial meningitis, a mwningitis may recommend antibiotics to help prevent other people from getting sick. Doctors call this prophylaxis.
CDC recommends prophylaxis for:. You can also help protect yourself and others from bacterial meningitis by maintaining healthy habits:. Top of Page. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Bacterial Meningitis. Minus Related Pages. On This Page. Related Pages.
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Bacterial meningitis is the second most common type of infectious meningitis, and it can be dangerous. The most common causes are Streptococcus pneumonia, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenza, Listeria monocytogenes, and group B Streptococcus. These organisms are prevalent in the environment and are contagious. Bacterial Meningitis is a central nervous system disease caused by certain types of bacteria. Meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the membranes (meninges) around the brain or spinal cord. Inflammation can begin suddenly (acute) or develop gradually (subacute).
Meningitis is an inflammation swelling of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling.
However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis. It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis because the treatment differs depending on the cause.
Meningitis caused by bacteria can be deadly and requires immediate medical attention. Vaccines are available to help protect against some kinds of bacterial meningitis.
Meningitis caused by viruses is serious but often is less severe than bacterial meningitis. People with normal immune systems who get viral meningitis usually get better on their own. There are vaccines to prevent some kinds of viral meningitis. Meningitis caused by fungi is rare, but people can get it by inhaling fungal spores from the environment.
People with certain medical conditions, like diabetes, cancer, or HIV, are at higher risk of fungal meningitis. Various parasites can cause meningitis or can affect the brain or nervous system in other ways. Overall, parasitic meningitis is much less common than viral and bacterial meningitis. Primary amebic meningoencephalitis PAM is a rare and devastating infection of the brain caused by Naegleria fowleri.
Naegleria fowleri is a free-living microscopic ameba that lives in warm water and soil. Sometimes cancers, systemic lupus erythematosus lupus , certain drugs, head injury, and brain surgery can cause meningitis. Generally, the germs that cause bacterial meningitis spread from one person to another. Certain germs can spread through food. How people spread the germs often depends on the type of bacteria. Read about common examples of how people spread the different types of bacteria to each other.
People can spread the viruses that cause viral meningitis to other people. If you have close contact with someone who has viral meningitis, they may spread the virus to you. However, you are not likely to develop meningitis. Meningococcal disease is any illness caused by a type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis. These illnesses are serious and include meningitis and bloodstream infections septicemia. More about meningococcal disease….
Get clinical disease information, as well as vaccine recommendations and vaccination resources, for common causes of meningitis.
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