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The Photon Torpedo is a powerful, long range weapon in use aboard Federation Starships for over one hundred and fifty years - early models differed from later versions of the weapon only in the level of sophistication and the power of the warhead. A photon torpedo was a projectile weapon commonly used by Federation starships throughout the 23rd and 24th centuries. The photon torpedo used shaped charges of antimatter that, when they came in contact with conventional matter or hard energy barriers, released massive amounts of gamma ray photons, hence the weapon's name.
Question: Is a photon engine possible? Could it be used to power a spaceship? Submitted by Serge Andrew Shpad. Michio Kaku: Okay Serge, some people have dreamed about photon power. It sounds like a great concept, right. A photon torpedo is a flashlight. Because what is a photon? A photon is a particle of light. So now you begin to realize the problem. It sounds really what does sisi mean in french, it sounds science fiction, but the reality is, the practical engineering is very difficult.
Yes, flashlights have an impulse. If you turn on a flashlight you can actually measure the fact that the flashlight is moving slightly because of the impulse created by shooting off photons. In order to create, for example, a solar cell, you would have to have a what is a photon torpedo that is hundreds miles across sailing on photon power coming in on the sun.
And how do you energize these lasers with chemical reactions. So there is a fundamental problem, where what is a photon torpedo the energy going to come from? So a photon engines sounds like a great idea, but what is a photon torpedo practice, photons have very little momentum.
It could be simply a gigantic sail; you shoot lasers from the Moon what is watercress called in australia a sail and then push that sail into outer space. Now however, I prefer to use laser power in a different way.
What is the fundamental problem of rocketry? The fundamental problem with the space program is in four letters. It is cost, C-O-S-T. That is your weight in gold. You could go to the space station. Yes, you could go into outer space. How much would it cost? Weigh your body in solid gold. And why is that? Fuel is heavy. So if you could eliminate the rocket fuel, you could increase the efficiency of the space program by a factor of 10 to And how can you do that?
With lasers. What you do is you have a bank of lasers on the earth firing at a projectile containing water. Water leaks out of a sieve and the laser beams vaporize this water creating thrust. And that shoots the rocket into space. This principle works. We can already do this. So again, the advantage of the laser rocket is the fact that your energy comes from the ground.
That is, the projectile does not carry any fuel at all other than water. And by shooting lasers, you can vaporize the water, creating steam, and it simply blasts off on steam. That could reduce the cost of space travel enormously. Propelling a spaceship with photons how do you get certified to teach yoga be like trying to energize a spaceship with a flashlight. Measuring a person's movements and poses, smart clothes could be used for athletic training, rehabilitation, or health-monitoring.
In recent years there have been exciting breakthroughs in wearable technologies, like smartwatches that can monitor your breathing and what is a photon torpedo oxygen levels.
But what about a wearable that can detect how you move as you do a physical activity or play a sport, and could potentially even offer feedback on how to improve your technique? And, as a major bonus, what if the wearable were something you'd actually already be wearing, like a shirt of a pair of socks? What is a photon torpedo the idea behind a new set of MIT-designed clothing that use special fibers to sense a person's movement via touch.
Among other things, the researchers showed that their clothes can actually determine things like if someone is sitting, walking, or doing particular poses. With patients' permission, they could even help passively monitor the health of residents in assisted-care facilities and determine if, for example, someone has fallen or is unconscious. The researchers have developed a range of prototypes, from socks and gloves to a full vest. The team's "tactile electronics" use a mix of more typical textile fibers alongside a small amount of custom-made functional fibers that what is a photon torpedo pressure from the person wearing the garment.
According to CSAIL graduate student Yiyue Luo, a key advantage of the team's design is that, unlike many existing wearable electronics, theirs can be incorporated into traditional large-scale clothing production. The machine-knitted tactile textiles are soft, stretchable, breathable, and can take a wide range of forms.
The team's clothes have a range of capabilities. Their socks predict motion by looking at how different sequences of tactile footprints correlate to different poses as the user transitions from one pose to another. The full-sized vest can also detect the wearers' pose, activity, and the texture of the contacted surfaces.
The authors imagine a coach using the sensor to analyze people's postures and give suggestions on improvement. It could also be used by an experienced athlete to record their posture so that beginners can learn from them. In the long term, they even imagine that robots could be trained to learn how to do different activities using data from the wearables.
Reprinted with permission of MIT News. Read the original article. Are you a worrier? Do you imagine nightmare scenarios and then get worked up and anxious about them?
Does your mind get caught in a horrible what is a photon torpedo of catastrophizing over even the smallest of things? Worrying, particularly imagining the worst case scenario, seems to be a natural part of being human and comes easily to a lot of us. How to use erythromycin ophthalmic ointment awful, perhaps even dangerous, when we do it.
But, there might just be an ancient wisdom that can help. It involves reframing this attitude for the better, and it comes from Stoicism. It's called "premeditation," and it could be the most useful trick we can learn. Broadly speaking, Stoicism is the philosophy of choosing your judgments. Stoics believe that there is nothing about the universe that can be called good or bad, valuable or valueless, in itself.
It's we how to convert cds to mp3 add these values to things. As Shakespeare's Hamlet says, "There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.
Put another way, Stoicism maintains that there's a gap between our experience of an event and our judgment of it. For instance, if someone calls you a smelly goat, you have an opportunity, however small and hard it might be, to pause and ask yourself, "How will I judge this? Today, Stoicism has influenced and finds modern expression in the hugely effective "cognitive behavioral therapy. One of the principal fathers of ancient Stoicism was the Roman statesmen, Seneca, who argued that the unexpected and unforeseen blows of life are the hardest to take control over.
The shock of a misfortune can strip away the power we have to choose our reaction. For instance, being burglarized feels so horrible because we had felt so safe at home. A stomach ache, out of the blue, is harder than a stitch thirty minutes into a run. A sudden bang makes us jump, but a firework makes us smile. Fell swoops hurt more than known hardships. So, how can we resolve this?
Seneca suggests a Stoic technique called "premeditatio malorum" or "premeditation. We should "rehearse in the mind: exile, torture, war, shipwreck.
Maybe, even, you'll die. The Stoic also rehearses how they will react to these things as they come up. For instance, another Stoic and Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius asks us to imagine all the mean, rude, selfish, and boorish people we'll come across today.
Then, in our heads, we script how we'll respond when we meet them. We can shrug off their meanness, smile at their how to make tomato and basil sauce, and refuse to be "implicated in what is degrading. The Stoics cast themselves into the darkest and most desperate of conditions but then realize that they can and will endure.
With premeditation, the Stoic is prepared and has the mental vigor necessary to take the blow on the chin and say, "Yep, l can deal with this. Seneca wrote: "In times of peace, the soldier carries out maneuvers.
The agonizing cut of the unexpected is blunted by preparedness. We can prepare the mind for whatever trials may come, in just the same way we can prepare the body for some endurance activity. The world can throw nothing as bad as that which our minds have already imagined. Stoicism teaches us to embrace our worrying mind but to embrace it as a kind of inoculation. With a frown over breakfast, try to spend five minutes of your day deliberately catastrophizing. Get your anti-anxiety battle plan ready and then face the world.
Jonny Thomson teaches philosophy in Oxford.
What could possibly go wrong?
Jun 20, · A POWERFUL weapon in the arsenals of the major powers of Star Trek. Learn the secret behind the destructive power of a photon torpedo! PARTICIPATE in this ch. Weapon carried by Federation starships, mostly used for blowing up Klingons. Photon torpedoes creating devastation across hundreds of kilometers (assuming no shields), indicates that a full spread of torpedoes (no number has been specified, and Klingon starships rarely have ever shown more than 2 torpedoes being fired in a single spread) from a relatively small klingon vessel can create an explosion in the hundreds of megatons.(Rated Redirect-class): WikiProject Star Trek.
The Star Trek fictional universe contains a variety of weapons , ranging from missiles the classic photon torpedo to melee primarily used by the Klingons , a race of aliens in the Star Trek universe.
The Star Trek franchise consists primarily of several multi-season television shows and a dozen movies, as well as various video games and inspired merchandise. Many aspects of the fictional universe impact modern popular culture, especially the lingo and the idea of a spacecraft launching space torpedoes and firing lasers, and have had a wide influence in the late 20th to early 21st century. The franchise depicts various weapons which fit the motif of the raygun , the most prominent of these being the "phaser".
These directed-energy weapons emit energy in an aimed direction without the means of a projectile. The intended effects may be non-lethal or lethal. For example, in Star Trek , a hand phaser can be set to "stun" or "kill". Phasers are common and versatile phased array pulsed energy projectile weapons, first seen in the original Star Trek series and later seen or referenced in almost all subsequent films and television spin-offs. Phasers come in a wide range of sizes, ranging from small arms to starship -mounted weaponry.
There are several specific types of phasers used by the United Federation of Planets' Starfleet. Though they seem to discharge in a continuous "beam", close observation reveals that phasers actually discharge a stream of pulsed energy projectiles into the target. This versatility means they can also be used as welding torches or cutting tools, and can create heat sources by firing at a large, solid object like a rock. The stream can be adjusted to strike multiple targets at once, strike a single target with precision, or even destroy large amounts of material.
Phasers can be set to overload, whereby they build up a force-chamber explosion by continuously generating energy without releasing it; the resulting blast can destroy most natural objects within a meter radius. The overload process is marked by a distinctive sound that increases in volume and frequency until it is deactivated or it detonates. Ship-mounted phasers have a similar range of functions on a larger scale: The phasers on the USS Enterprise could be used as an "anti-missile" defense to destroy incoming projectiles,   stun entire city blocks full of people,  destroy cities,  and even destroy entire asteroids up to a given size.
The ship's phaser system was also said to be capable of destroying continents. According to later series, phasers release a beam of fictional subatomic particles called "rapid nadion", which are then refracted "rectified" through superconducting crystals.
The phasers that appeared in the reboot Star Trek appear similar in shape to the classic phasers, but fire singular energy pulses instead of a sustained stream of them, in a fashion similar to semi-automatic weapons. The barrel of the weapon is two-sided, one being colored red and the other blue to indicate the current setting: the user must manually rotate to the other output to use the other setting. A similar change was seen in the starship-mounted phaser banks, which also fire single energy pulse instead of continuous streams.
In Star Trek Beyond , the barrel sides of the sidearm phasers are flat and both barrels shoot blue bolts that deal no physical damage, while the barrel tips are still colored blue and red. In one instance, the ship-mounted lasers of two spacecraft were incapable of overcoming even the navigational shields of the USS Enterprise -D ,  though on at least two other occasions it was threatened with destruction by laser-armed spacecraft.
At lower power levels, it is capable of making 'surgical' incisions into a ship's hull. According to The Making of Star Trek , Gene Roddenberry claimed that production staff realized that using laser technology would cause problems in the future as people came to understand what lasers could and could not do; this resulted in the move to phasers on-screen, while letting lasers be known as a more primitive weapon style. The So'jan military command and the Romulan defector Commander Telek L'mar developed a weapon that created a highly charged disruptor-style beam, which they called a pulse cannon.
They later became obsolete. When the laser had reached its upper limits of power, a new weapon was invented at Jupiter Station for the newly designed NX-class. This new weapon could fire much greater energies at longer range but the drawback was that continuous fire would cause damage to the emitter.
To solve this problem, Starfleet scientists devised a way to fire the weapon in short pulsed burst streams to help regulate the temperatures of the emitters in a state of constant fire. The pulse cannon is a rather simple particle beam weapon and Starfleet Command ultimately decided on using the more powerful plasma cannon on the NX-class Enterprise.
The pulse cannon was nevertheless considered an effective energy weapon at the time and was adopted by many private craft such as freighters and privateers due to its lower cost of implementation. Plasma cannons are a form of directed energy weaponry used by both Earth Starfleet and the early Romulan Star Empire. On Starfleet vessels, they were the precursors to phase cannons. Plasma cannons fired a plasma discharge in the form of a beam or a burst similar to the plasma bullets fired by hand-held plasma weapons, but much bigger in size.
The NX-class was initially armed with plasma cannons. Phase cannons are 22nd century weapons, several of which first appear mounted to the Enterprise in the Star Trek: Enterprise episode " Silent Enemy ". Phase cannons have a variable yield, with the cannons on the Enterprise being rated for a maximum output of gigajoules, equivalent to about tons TNT.
Phase pistols are hand-carried phase cannons, and are also the 22nd century precursor to phaser technology. However, unlike 24th century phasers, they do not have the normal variable power settings or a variable beam width—only stun and kill. Disruptors are employed by several alien species in this series, including Romulans , Klingons , Breen , Cardassians , Iridians and Orions in their personal and military small arms as well as being mounted as cannon, emitters, turrets, and banks.
Only the first three species are known to have type-3 disruptors, the most advanced type developed so far, by the 24th Century. According to Last Unicorn's Star Trek: The Next Generation Role-playing Game , disruptors are considered less "elegant" than phaser-based weapons; their effects there are described as thermal shock and blunt force, as opposed to the "rapid nadion effect".
As a result, disruptors inflict more damage to matter, but less damage to shields, than phasers. Klingons call their disruptors nISwI'. Phased polaron cannons are the primary armament of the Dominion , the main antagonist faction in the later seasons of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. The cannon emits a beam of polaron particles, the fictional in-universe antimatter counterpart of the muon not to be confused with the actual polaron or the actual antimuon.
The Alpha Quadrant races eventually learn to modify their shields to resist polaron weaponry, evoking surprise from the Vorta advisor Weyoun " Call to Arms ".
Tetryon cannons are the primary armament of the Hirogen and are similar in application to phasers and disruptors. Tetryon cannons are unique in that they are designed primarily to damage energy and force fields such as starship shields. Tetryon cannons do damage matter but not to the same extent as phasers or disruptors. The Hirogen ship would therefore knock out its opponent's shields and beam over hunters to engage in face-to-face ranged or melee combat. This allows the Hirogen hunters to collect items that they would consider to be hunting trophies.
Varon-T disruptors were featured in the Star Trek: The Next Generation TNG episode " The Most Toys ", and were mentioned to be a rare type of disruptor made illegal in the Federation because of their slow, excruciating method of killing, with the weapons tearing the body apart from the inside.
Kivas Fajo, a Zibalian trader in that episode, owned four of the five Varon-T disruptors ever manufactured he slept with one under his pillow and even used one on his own crew before his collection of rare items was confiscated after his capture and arrest for kidnapping and theft among other crimes.
The fifth Varon-T was kept by the criminal Kelsey who was killed when her scout ship exploded. The Ferengi energy whip, as seen in the TNG episode " The Last Outpost ", looks and handles like a typical Earth bullwhip and discharges a powerful phaser-like energy pulse. Also referred to as conventional torpedoes, spatial torpedoes are 22nd century weapons used by Enterprise. Spatial torpedoes are the ship's most powerful and primary ship-to-ship weapon before the installation of phase cannons.
Photon torpedoes are a standard ship-based weapon armed with an antimatter warhead. They are present in every version of the Star Trek series and are a standard weapon on almost every Federation ship, though in Star Trek: Enterprise ENT , the titular ship uses less powerful spatial torpedoes guided, rocket propelled missiles until receiving the more powerful "photonic" as the characters describe them variant.
This is not reconciled with established canon because the events of ENT take place prior to the "Romulan Wars" during which, to quote Spock in " Balance of Terror ", "This conflict was fought by our standards today with primitive atomic weapons". Smaller Starfleet craft such as shuttlecraft and runabouts can be armed with "micro-torpedoes", a scaled-down version of photon torpedoes designed for use on craft too small to accommodate the full-sized weapon.
When fired, photon torpedoes usually appear as a spiky orb of energy of varying colours, such as red,  orange,  yellow, blue, or green,  or in the case of Star Trek: The Original Series TOS , red bolts. Several episodes seem to suggest this TNG : " Suspicions ". The energy output of a photon torpedo, according to the Star Trek Technical Manuals is a maximum theoretical yield of 25 isotons and a maximum rated yield of In the TOS episode, " Balance of Terror ", photon torpedoes apparently replaced nuclear warheads as the primary wartime weapons on Federation starships.
Torpedoes are often depicted as being easy to modify to suit specific situations. Despite the stated maximum yield, torpedoes can apparently be made far more destructive with relatively little effort. In Star Trek: Voyager , Tuvok and Kim modify a normal photon torpedo with a gravimetric charge, a piece of Borg technology, to increase its destructive yield to 54 isotons.
Kim comments that 50 isotons would have been sufficient to destroy a small planet. Janeway later instructs them to increase its yield even further, to 80 isotons. It is not specified exactly how they modified the warhead, but they only required a few hours to complete the work using materials readily available on Voyager. McCoy modify a photon torpedo to track the plasma emissions from a cloaked Klingon bird of prey as it attacks the Enterprise -A and the Excelsior , similar to the principal function of the heat-seeking missile.
Photon torpedo launchers aboard ships are shown to be versatile enough to fire probes, which, in-universe, are designed with this functionality in mind.
The damage of a plasma torpedo spreads out over several ship systems at once, but the torpedo loses its effectiveness after only a few minutes of travel. Romulan plasma torpedoes use trilithium isotopes in their warheads.
Gravimetric torpedoes are torpedoes used by the Borg. The weapon emits a complex phase variance of gravitons to create a gravimetric distortion capable of tearing starships apart.
The Federation and Cardassian Union are the only known users of quantum torpedoes. The launcher appears on the E in Star Trek: Insurrection but is never fired. Quantum torpedoes are normally shown in a shade of blue.
As of Nemesis the following ship classes had quantum torpedoes launcher; Defiant, Intrepid, Luna, Sovereign, Vesta, Akira and Achilles-class, and the unmanned Cardassian spacecraft Dreadnought were the only ships known to be equipped with quantum torpedoes.
Polaron torpedoes, like the Dominion weapon, are capable of penetrating normal shielding with ease. They appear in various Star Trek games. In Starfleet Command III , it is one of the Klingon's three heavy weapon options, the others being the photon torpedo and the ion cannon.
It also appears in Star Trek: Armada and Star Trek: Armada II , as a researchable weapon for the Klingon Empire exclusive to the Vor'cha -class cruiser which takes out one of the targeted ship's systems at random. Transphasic torpedoes appear only once, in the Voyager series finale, "Endgame".
They are high-yield torpedoes that are designed specifically to fight the Borg. The future Admiral Janeway brought them back in time in a Federation shuttlecraft and had them installed onboard Voyager in They are among the most powerful weapons used in the Star Trek universe; just one is capable of obliterating an entire Borg cube, a feat normally requiring an almost impossible amount of punishment using standard Federation weapons.
They work by delivering destructive subspace compression pulse explosion. Upon detonation the pulse is delivered in asymmetric superposition of multiple phase states. Since the shields can block only one subcomponent of the pulse the remaining majority is delivered to the target. On the top of it every torpedo has different transphasic configuration generated randomly by a dissonant feedback effect to prevent Borg or any other enemy to predict the configuration of the phase states.
Although they did not appear in the film Nemesis , according to the non-canon Destiny book trilogy these were in fact kept by Starfleet as the weapon of last resort to be deployed to starships only when all else had failed against the Borg. They were the one and only thing Starfleet knew the Borg had not yet adapted to and for that reason wanted to keep this ace in the hole for as long as possible. Eventually, the situation became dire enough that the specifications were released to Federation and Klingon ships; the Borg eventually learned to adapt to them.
In the episode, representatives of USS Voyager met with a weapons trader and designer known as Kovin.